Elefsina is a city of the former Attica Prefecture and headquarters of the Regional Unity of Western Attica, while it is located 20 km from Athens. It has an area of 20 km² and a population of 24,910 inhabitants, according to the 2011 Census. In ancient times, Eleusina together with Athens, Olympia, Delphi and Delos was the 5 holy cities of Ancient Greece and the Sacred Road ended.
Elefsina emerged as the European Capital of Culture for the year 2021.
Elefsina is served by the new Athens – Corinth National Highway, the old Athens – Corinth National Road, which crosses the Elefsina refineries of Hellenic Petroleum, the Piraeus – Patras railway line and Attiki Odos. It borders with Aspropyrgos (east), Mandra (northwest), Loutropyrgos and New Peramos (west). It has a large commercial port, the 2nd in Attica with Piraeus, and a military airport.
At Elefsina Beach there is the bus terminus from Athens (A16 from Iera Odos) as well as the lines from Piraeus (845 from Thebes – Athens Avenue and 871 from Sistos Avenue), from Acharnes (878 from Lef. Nato-Aspropyrgos and 879 from NATO-Thriasseo) and the roundabout to the Metro (876 Agia Marina Station). Also there is the starting point of the local routes to Mandra, Magoula and Roupaki Aspropyrgos.
Eleusis occupies a great site on the slopes of a low hill, close to the shore of the Saronic Gulf. Although little has been restored, the scale of its construction is impressive, as enormous pieces of columns and building blocks are scattered all over. The core of the site is the Sanctuary of Demeter, dating to Mycenaean times, when the goddess’s cult was one of the most important in Ancient Greece.